Top 10 Most Famous Works of Art in the world
From the very beginning, art has been an integral part of spiritual life. The world has gone through many artistic periods with many different styles and countless artistic masterpieces have been born. Let’s take a look at the most famous works of art in the world!
Mona Lisa – Leonardo da Vinci
No work deserves the first place of the Top 10 Most Famous Works of Art in the world more than Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa painting. The painting is an oil painting portrait of Mona Lisa, the wife of a silk merchant in Florence, Italy. Legend has it that the painting was painted by Leona Da Vinci in 1503.
The painting is a half-portrait and shows a woman whose facial features are often described as enigmatic. The ambiguity of the model’s expression, the strangeness of the half-face composition, and the glamor of formal patterns and illusory atmosphere are novel properties that contribute to the fascination of the painting. painting. It is perhaps the most famous painting ever stolen and recovered to the Louvre. Few other works of art have been the subject of so much care, study, mythologization and imitation. A study and graphite and graphite trial of the Mona Lisa attributed to Leonardo is available in the Hyde Collection, in Glens Falls, NY.
Behind this masterpiece is a series of mysteries (such as why she has no eyebrows, her face in the picture is smiling or not, the codes in her eyes…). The mysterious and ambiguous look of the Mona Lisa in the picture has become the subject of analysis and debate for hundreds of years from scientists, artists to psychologists. Mona Lisa painting is being preserved and displayed at the Louvre, France. An estimated 6 million people admire this masterpiece every year.
The Last Supper – Leonardo da Vinci
As an almighty Italian genius, the great painter Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519) has left for posterity wonderful paintings, containing many secrets that make every scientist and researcher crazy to decipher. until today. His painting “The Last Supper” (aka “The Last Supper”) contains a strange story, it is also one of the Top 10 Most Famous Works of Art in the world. It was a model to draw Jesus and Judas (one of the 12 apostles of Jesus, later a traitor) from a person’s face.
Why is there this strange coincidence in Leonardo da Vinci’s sense of the face of an “angel” and “evil” in the same person?
The thing is, this work was started by Leonardo da Vinci from 1495 to 1498 to complete it. After painting the face of Jesus, the artist Leonardo da Vinci took a lot of time to find the perfect model for the apostle Judas.
Wanting to show the wickedness and cunning of the one who betrayed the Lord, Da Vinci had to go around looking for patterns. Finally, he found a model he liked. Surprisingly, the model of Judas is the same model he drew Jesus a few years ago. This coincidence implies that, human nature is kind, but over time and life circumstances, some people can still turn into evil if they do not take care of themselves.
Statue of David – Michelangelo
Next in the Top 10 Most Famous Works of Art in the world is the statue of David. The Statue of David is a statue sculpted by Michelangelo between 1501 and 1504, a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture and one of Michelangelo’s two greatest sculptures (along with Pietà). The Statue of David alone almost certainly holds the title of the most recognized statue in art history. This statue has been seen as a symbol of youthful human beauty and strength.
During the Renaissance, people with small penises were often considered beautiful, because they believed that large penises were only found in wild animals. So David’s penis was made small to show the perfection of human beauty as conceived of this period. The 4.34 m tall marble statue depicts the Biblical King David at the time he decided to fight Goliath. It was the symbol of the Republic of Fiorentina, a city-state threatened on all sides by powerful rival powers. The complete statue was unveiled on September 8, 1504. In addition, a question still unanswered by scientists is why the statue of David was not… circumcised in when King David was a Jew and 100% Jewish custom at that time was that men would have to be circumcised? According to scientists, the answer is the same as the question above: the author made a statue in the ancient Greek style, but in ancient Greece, circumcision was not supported.
The Creation Of Adam – Michelangelo
The painting The Creation Of Adam – Top 10 Most Famous Works of Art in the world, is another masterpiece by artist Michelangelo painted on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Vatican. The painting, painted between 1508 and 1512, represents a biblical image when God created the first man Adam.
The painting is part of a series of works painted on the ceiling of the chapel, where another author paints a complex subject of biblical symbolism. The image of the close hand of God and Adam is considered a symbol of humanity.
”God created Adam” is a story about the creation of Adam, the first human on this earth, God gave Adam a body but lacks soul and mind, in the picture is a scarf shaped like a human brain, it contains the image of a young girl and children. God gave Adam, which is wisdom and soul, is love and maintenance of the race, is the suitability. consistent with social status. This stage is the story of a human being when he was still primitive, still full of faith, goodwill, pure honest nature, which was originally the beauty of God.
The Thinker – Auguste Rodin
The Thinker, a famous sculpture by 19th century French artist Auguste Rodin. In the grounds of the Rodin museum – Paris, near the entrance of the museum, stands a very famous sculpture of Rodin titled Le Penseur (The Thinker). The original statue is located in Paris, while many other versions are located in museums around the world. Another statue was erected over Rodin’s grave, according to the will.
Chin resting on the back of his right hand, the man hunched over in terrible torment. The character’s curvaceous figure depicted by Rodin corresponds to this man’s inner turmoil. The power of the statue of the thinking man lies in the fierceness of the fear in the suppressed soul.
What does the thinker meditate on? Perhaps only its author can tell us the inner secret of one of the sculptor’s most enigmatic statues. According to Le Figaro, at first, the statue of the Thinker, called the Poet, was a statue produced by order of the Paris Museum of Decorative Arts, to be placed on a large door frame, erected to Re-enactment of Dante’s Divine Comedy. The statue entitled The Poet is intended to reconstruct the image of Dante, in front of the Doors of Hell, contemplating the fate of those condemned to hell, depicted in his epic. In the end, however, the Thinker did not come to sit on the doorway of hell as planned. The original 71.5 cm statue, completed circa 1880-1882, was first displayed in Copenhagen in 1888. In 1906, a large-format Thinker was donated to the Paris town hall for inaugurated at the Pantheon. The appearance of the statue of the Thinker has caused mixed reactions in French public opinion.
The popularity of this work may explain why when visiting Paris, in addition to the painting La Joconde (Mona Lisa) displayed at the Louvres palace, visitors also want to see the statue of the Thinker with their own eyes. The Thinker Statue is a bronze statue of French sculptor Auguste Rodin. The statue is about the same size as a real person, showing the image of a naked man resting his chin in thought. The Thinker’s whole body is twisted in tension representing a difficult thought struggle. The Thinker image is often used to represent a philosophical image. Because of such reasons, it is impossible to ignore the picture The Thinker in the Top 10 Most Famous Works of Art in the world, right?
Starry Night – Vincent van Gogh
As one of the Top 10 Most Famous Works of Art in the world, in a letter to Emile Bernard in April 1888, Van Gogh expressed his desire to paint the night sky, and asked if he could achieve it. by painting nature like the Impressionists. In September 1888, before suffering a breakdown and being hospitalized in Arles in December, Van Gogh painted Starry Night on the Rhone at night under gas lights.
In May 1889, Van Gogh decided to enter the asylum of Saint-Rémy, where he lived for the next year. During his time here he painted a lot, although interrupted by seizures. Inspired by the surroundings of the asylum, he painted Starry Night in June 1889. Unlike the Starry Night on the Rhone, this picture was painted during the day through memory. In mid-September 1889, after a severe crisis that began from mid-July until the end of August, he thought to include Starry Night in the next batch of works sent to his brother, Theo in Paris. . To reduce shipping costs, he kept three works, including Starry Night. They are sent to Paris in the next shipment. When Theo did not immediately inform him that the painting had arrived, Vincent inquired again and eventually received Theo’s comment that Starry Night (Dutch: De sterrennacht) was a painting. by Dutch post-impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh. Painted in June 1889, the painting depicts the scene outside the window of his hospital room in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, southern France at night, although he painted the picture during the day through his mind. miss. The Starry Night is in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, part of the Relics of Lillie P. Bliss, from 1941. The painting is one of van Gogh’s most famous works. , marked a decisive turning point towards greater creative freedom in his art.
The Scream – Edvard Munch
The Scream (Norwegian: Skrik) is the name of one of four expressionist compositions, in the form of paintings and prints, by Norwegian painter Edvard Munch between 1893 and 1910. Each painting depicts an anxious and desperate figure contrasting the landscape with the red sky. The artist does not pay attention to describe what he sees, hates the superficiality of emotions. His intention was the strongest, fastest expression of his strong, immediate feeling. Therefore, the painting is tilted, unbalanced, the strokes are strong and sharp. Landscape background in the picture of the city of Oslofjord, seen from Ekeberg, Oslo.
Edvard Munch created four versions of The Scream in different materials. The Norwegian National Gallery in Oslo holds one of two pigment paintings (1893, right). The Munch Museum keeps another copy (1910) and a pastel copy. The fourth edition (crayons, 1895) bought by a single buyer for $119,922,500 at the Sotheby’s auction of Impressionist and Modern Art held on May 2, 2012, is the painting. has the highest nominal price ever in an auction. Paul Cézanne’s painting The Card Players was secretly sold in 2011 for more than $250 million.
The Scream was once the target of professional art thieves. In 1994, a copy located at the National Gallery in Oslo was stolen but it was recovered a few months after it was stolen. In 2004, two paintings, The Scream and the Madonna, were stolen from the Munch museum and recovered two years later. Because of this incident, the painting The Scream became one of the Top 10 Most Famous Works of Art in the world.
Aphrodite Of Milo
Next in the Top 10 Most Famous Works of Art in the world is a work of art about sculpture. The Venus of Milo is a Greek sculpture of unknown author carved between 130 and 100 BC. The statue depicts Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty. The statue was found in 1820 on the island of Milo, Greece. However, the arm part and part of the pedestal are gone. The work is considered the most beautiful ancient sculpture that has survived to this day and is on display at the Louvre, France.
The statue dates to about 130 BC. Although this date is quite late, it sums up the styles of classical Greek sculpture. It is not known exactly what aspect of Venus this statue originally represented. It is generally assumed that a depiction of Venus Victrix holding a golden apple was given by Paris of Troy (see also Judgment of Paris). This may also be the origin of the pun on the island of Milos, which means “apple” in Greek. A fragment of the arm with the apple was found near the statue and is believed to be the statue’s original arm. After the statue was found, many people tried to restore the original appearance, but with no success. (A drawing by Adolf Furtwängler suggesting the statue’s original appearance is contained in an article by Kousser)
The Persistence Of Memory – Salvador Dali
As one of the Top 10 Most Famous Works of Art in the world, The Persistence of Memory is a typical oil painting work of the artist. Spanish artist, Salvador Dalí. The painting was created by Dalí in 1931 and was first shown in Julien Levy’s gallery in 1932; In 1934, the painting was included in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City.
The surrealist work depicts images of melting mandarin watches, expressing Dalí’s view of “softness” and “hardness”, elements with which the contemporary artist was busy. heart. Art historian Dawn Adès writes, “the clocks are an ambiguous representation of space-time relativity, a surrealist view of the collapse of concepts in a fixed cosmic order.” . Adès suggested that Dalí was observing the world by imbibing Albert Einstein’s theory of special relativity. However, when answering questions in an interview with chemist Ilya Prigogine, Dalí said they were not inspired by the theory of relativity, but rather by the real perception he had when he observed a piece of cheese. Cool Camembert melts in the sun.
The Discobolus Of Myron
Finally in the Top 10 Most Famous Works of Art in the world made a statue. Myron’s Discus Thrower is a classic statue of ancient Greece. The statue depicts an athlete performing a discus throw with a perfect figure. His well-proportioned muscles and focused expression gave the impression of an arrow being stretched on a bowstring before being released.
About 2,500 years ago, a revolution in the field of culture occurred in ancient Greece. Democracy was born in Athens. The first tragic and comedic masterpieces were written here, and the statues were also carved more like real life than before.
And what is more strange is, most of the above statues are carved in a nude state. Today, we take nude Greek statues for granted. But at the time of these statues, the Athenians broke a very taboo. The discus thrower is one of the most famous marble tables and has the most accurate proportions to sculptor Myron’s original 5th-century bronze masterpiece. This sculpture was extremely famous in the ancient world. Roman critics of the time mentioned Myron in a work called the Philopseudes. In a dialogue between the characters Tychiades and Pholocles, it is written: “The discus thrower depicts a young, physically stunning athlete frozen in his discus throw pose. . Despite being in a difficult situation, his face and body were unusually relaxed and relaxed.”
The work is now housed in the Palazzo Massimo of the National Museum of Rome, dating from the 2nd century and replacing the original statue. Next to it is another version with a missing head found on the Esquiline Hill in 1781, shipped to Germany in the second half of the 1930s and brought back to Rome in 1948.
In conclusion, the top 10 most famous works of art in the world are not only masterpieces of creativity and beauty, but also invaluable pieces of cultural heritage. These artworks have withstood the test of time, and continue to inspire and captivate people from all over the world.
From the enigmatic smile of the Mona Lisa to the iconic splatters of Jackson Pollock’s paintings, each artwork on this list has made an indelible mark on the world of art and culture. By appreciating and preserving these works, we can continue to learn from and be inspired by the incredible creativity and imagination of the human spirit.