Are you an information technology enthusiast and fascinated with computers? How fast can your computers handle tasks? Today’s popular computers and laptops are usually designed to be used only for office work, design, gaming, etc. However, when it is necessary to deal with complex data in research studies. We need to build a faster supercomputer. The supercomputer is capable and has processing speeds of up to thousands of teraflops. It is estimated that one supercomputer is equal to 6000 modern computers. Here, we will reveal to you the top 10+ fastest supercomputers in the world.
Referring to the country of computer technology must definitely mention Japan. Therefore, it is not surprising that Japan’s Fugaku supercomputer topped the list of fastest supercomputers in the world. This super computer was designed and built by Fujitsu, Fugaku. The components are all installed at the RIKEN Computer Science Center (R-CCS) in Kobe. This supercomputer has achieved a world record speed of 442,010 petaflops, peak performance of 537,212 petaflops. During the current covid epidemic, Fugaku is even more useful when it can help scientists diagnose, treat and simulate the spread of the virus.
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Holding second place in the list of fastest supercomputers in the world is the Summit supercomputer from the US. The computer was built by IBM at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee. After being announced in 2018, it quickly became the fastest computer system in the US because of its impressive specifications5:
- Performance 148.8 petaflops.
- 2,282,544 IBM Power9 cores.
- 2,090.880 Nvidia Volta GV100 cores.
- There are 4,356 notes.
Thanks to this peak performance, the supercomputer helped two working groups win the “Nobel Prize in supercomputing”. With its tremendous speed, the Summit supercomputer is currently being used to research fields such as medicine, aeronautics, spaceflight and climatology.
3rd in the list of fastest supercomputers in the world continues to be a supercomputer from the US. The Sierra supercomputer was born at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in California, Sierra. In terms of architecture, it is quite similar to the Summit supercomputer. Of course, the Sierra has just as impressive specs as its Summit twin:
- The HPL is 94.6 petaflops.
- Each 4320 node is equipped with 2 Power 9 CPUs.
- 4 NVIDIA Tesla V100 GPUs.
Not only that, the supercomputer also entered the Green500 list of the world’s most energy-efficient supercomputers.
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The 4th fastest supercomputer in the world list is the Sunway TaihuLight supercomputer from China. This computer was “born” at the National Supercomputing Center of China in Wuxi city, Sunway TaihuLight. It was designed and built by China’s National Research Center for Parallel Computing Technology & Engineering (NRPCC). With a speed of 93 petaflops, this supercomputer once held the number 1 position on this list for 2 years 2016-2017. However, with the advent of many other computers, this supercomputer gradually dropped to 4th place.
Holds 5th place in fastest supercomputer in the world list is the Perlmutter supercomputer. On this list, this is the newest supercomputer. What sets Perlmutter apart from other computers is that it is based on the HPE Cray Shasta platform, using both AMD’s EPYC EPYC nodes and Nvidia’s 1536 accelerated A100 nodes. Its speed reached 64.6 Pflop/s, peak performance of 89,795 petaflop.
Next on the list of fastest supercomputers in the world is the Selene supercomputer from the US. This supercomputer was announced by NVIDIA in June 2021. What’s more surprising is that it took less than a month to build. After the upgrades, this supercomputer has reached a speed of: 63,460 petaflops, peak performance of 79,215 petaflops. The purpose of building this supercomputer is system development and testing, in-house AI workloads, and chip design work. Currently, the Selene supercomputer is being used to research ways to prevent Covid-19, calculated to solve problems around protein connectivity and quantum chemistry.
Tianhe-2A – Top 10+ Fastest Supercomputers in the World
Holding 7th place in the list of fastest supercomputers in the world is the supercomputer Tianhe-2A. This supercomputer, developed by China University of National Defense Technology (NUDT), Tianhe-2A is installed at the National Supercomputing Center in Guangzhou. Crafted by a team of talented engineers, it is not surprising that it possesses impressive specifications such as:
- 61.4 petaflops, Tianhe-2A (aka MilkyWay-2A).
- NUDT’s Matrix-2000 DSP accelerator.
With these parameters, it was once considered the second fastest supercomputer in the world in the years 2013-2015. The purpose of creating this supercomputer is for government security, analysis and simulation applications. It is used for traffic signal control, earthquake prediction and other applications.
JUWELS Booster Module
Holding 8th place in the list of fastest supercomputers in the world is the supercomputer JUWELS Booster Module. Coming from a country famous for high technologies like Germany, it is not surprising that this computer possesses outstanding parameters such as: speed of 44,120 petaflops, peak performance of 70,980 petaflops. Therefore, it is considered the most powerful supercomputer system today. This machine is installed at the Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ). Based on modular system architecture, JUWELS is powered by AMD processor and NVIDIA GPU, similar to Selene system.
Holding the 9th place in the list of the top 10 fastest supercomputers in the world is the HPC5. The Dell PowerEdge HPC5 system was installed by the company Eni S.p.A and located inside the Eni Green Data Center in Italy. As one of the most durable and powerful computing systems in the world, HPC5 is used to research new energy sources.
With a performance of 35.5 petaflops, it is the most powerful system on the list for commercial use at the customer site. It uses an Intel Xeon Gold CPU and an NVIDIA Tesla V100 GPU. HPC5’s mission is to solve extremely complex internal algorithms for processing data underground. HPC5 has a peak processing power of 70 petaflops. That means 70 million billion operations are done in 1 second. HPC5 is a machine consisting of 4 CPU sockets, including more than 3,400 computer processors and 10,000 graphics cards. This enables us to create many three-dimensional models of the ground located at a depth of 10-15 km, with a surface area of several hundred square kilometers and a resolution of several tens of meters.
Frontera – Top 10+ Fastest Supercomputers in the World
Last on the list of the top 10 fastest supercomputers in the world is Frontera. Installed at the Center for Advanced Computing at the University of Texas at Austin last September, Frontera is a Dell C6420 system equipped with 448,448 Intel Platinum Xeon cores, achieving 23.5 petaflops. Frontera helps research across all areas of complex science: quantum mechanics, drug design, eradicating emerging viruses, and the physics of black holes.
Surely after watching the top 10+ fastest supercomputers in the world, we all want to own one of them, right? It can be seen that most supercomputers originate from technological powers such as Japan, the US, China, Germany,… If you have a passion for computer technology, then these countries are indeed a good development environment for you. Hopefully with the above sharing, you will have more knowledge and information about supercomputers on computers. See you in the next posts.