Top 10 Largest Islands in the world – World’s Biggest Islands – Biggest Island in the world
There are hundreds and thousands of large and small islands; each island has its beauty with different sizes waiting to be discovered. Which island is considered the largest island globally is probably the question that many people are always looking for.
Each island has beautiful landscapes and beaches that attract tourists. To learn more, let’s discover the Top 10 largest islands in the world with Top10theworld.com now!!!
Top 10 Largest Islands in the World Chart:
10. Ellesmere Island – 196,235 km2 – Largest Islands in the World
Rank 10th in this list is Ellesmere. Ellesmere Island is literally “land of musk cows.” Located in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, the island is considered part of the Queen Elizabeth Islands, with Cape Columbia being Canada’s northernmost point of land.
The island has an area of 196,235 square kilometers (75,767 sq mi), and its total length is 830 kilometers (520 mi), making it the tenth-largest island in the world and the third largest island in Canada.
9. Great Britain Island – 209,331 km2
Another name is Great Britain. Great Britain is located on the continental shelf of Europe. It lies to the northwest of mainland Europe and the east of the island of Ireland. Great Britain is separated from mainland Europe by the North Sea and the English Channel.
The island stretches across 10 degrees of latitude, on a north-south axis, with an area of 209,331 square kilometers (80,823 sq mi). The island is naturally connected to mainland Europe via the English Channel Tunnel, the longest undersea train tunnel in the world and was completed in 1993.
All of Great Britain is the territory of the sovereign state of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and most of Britain’s territory is Great Britain. In addition, most of England, Scotland, and Wales territories are located in Great Britain. Their capitals are also on the islands: London, Edinburgh, and Cardiff, respectively.
8. Victoria Island – 217,291 km2 – Largest Islands in the World
Kitlineq or Victoria Island is a large island in the Canadian Arctic archipelago between Nunavut and Canada’s Northwest Territories. It is the eighth largest island globally. With an area of 217,291 square kilometers (83,897 sq mi), it is Canada’s second-largest island.
Victoria island is almost twice as large as Newfoundland (111,390 square kilometers), larger than Great Britain (209,331 square kilometers). Thus, there is the largest island located on an island. The western third of the island is in the Inuvik region of the Northwest Territories; the rest belongs to the Kitikmeot region of Nunavut.
7. Honshu Island – 228,000 km2
Next in Top 10 Largest Islands in the world list is Honsu. Honshu is a long island. Its location is in the northeast and southwest, off the Goryeo peninsula of Asia. The Sea of Japan borders it to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east. Honshu Island is about 1,300 km in length, 50 – 230 km in width. The island’s total area is 228,000 km2, accounting for 60% of the total area of Japan.
Honshu is the largest island in Japan and the 7th largest island in the world. The coastline’s length surrounding the island is about 5,450 km.
Located on the Pacific volcanic belt, Honshu has mountainous terrain. Some volcanoes are still smoking. Earthquakes frequently occur on Honshu.
6. Sumatra Island – 473,481 km2
An island that is no longer strange to us is Sumatra in Indonesia. Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera) is a large island in western Indonesia in the Greater Sunda Islands. It is the largest island entirely belonging to Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, divided between Indonesia and other countries).
Sumatra island is the sixth-largest island in the world, with an area of 473,481 square kilometers.
The Bukit Barisan Mountains, composed of many active volcanoes, make up central Sumatra. At the same time, the northeastern part is lowland with swamps, mangroves, and interlaced living systems. The equator crosses the island in the middle, in the provinces of West Sumatera and Riau. Sumatra has a tropical, hot, and humid climate with tropical rainforests.
5. Baffin Island – 507,451 km2
In Canada, Baffin Island is the largest island a and the fifth-largest island in the world. This island has an area of 507,451 square kilometers and a population of about 11,000 (2007 estimate).
South of Baffin Island is the Hudson Strait, separating the island from the mainland province of Québec.
The Baffin Mountains run along the northeastern coast of the island and are part of the Arctic Mountains. Mount Odin is the highest peak on the island, with its highest elevation being 2,143 m (7,031 ft).
4. Madagascar Island – 592,800 km2
An island very familiar to us is Madagascar. Madagascar has a total area of 592,800 square kilometers, making it the fourth largest island in the world. Madagascar lies mainly between latitudes 12°N and 26°N, and between longitudes 43°E and 51°E.
To the west is Mozambique, the closest country to Madagascar among the countries of the African continent. However, the Mozambique Channel separates two countries.
Madagascar’s highest peaks emerge from three outcrops: Maromokotro 2,876 m (9,436 ft) on the Tsaratanana Massif is the highest point on the island. Boby Peak follows it at 2,658 m (8,720 ft) on the Andringitra massif and Tsiafajavona 2,643 m (8,671 ft) on the Ankaratra massif.
3. Borneo Island – 743,330 km²
Rank 3th in this list is Borneo Island. Borneo or Kalimantan, with an area of 743,330 km², is the third-largest island globally and in Asia. It is an island in Southeast Asia, located north of Java island, west of Sulawesi, and east of Sumatra.
Borneo’s highest peak is Mount Kinabalu in Sabah, Malaysia, with an elevation of 4,095 m. Before sea level rise at the end of the last Ice Age, Borneo was part of mainland Asia.
2. New Guinea Island – 786,000 km2
Next island is New Guinea. New Guinea (historical name: Papua) is located in the Southern Hemisphere. It is the second-largest island in the world, after Greenland, with an area of 786,000 km². Sometimes it counted as part of the more extensive Indo-Australian archipelago.
Politically, the western half of the island consists of two Indonesian provinces: Papua and West Papua. Although the island has about 7.5 million inhabitants, the population density is only 8 people/km².
1. Greenland Island – 2,166,086 km² – Largest Islands in the World
End of Top 10 Largest Islands in the world is Greenland. Greenland stretches over 24 latitudes, from the southernmost tip of Uummannarssuaq at 59°46′ north latitude (levels Oslo) to the island of Inuit Qeqertaat (Danish: Kaffeklubben) ) at 83°40′ north latitude. The island is 2,650 km long and about 1,000 km wide, 710 km from the North Pole, the northernmost territory of the Earth.
The total area of Greenland is 2,166,086 km², making it the largest island in the world. Although the Greenland Ice Sheet covers 1,755,637 km², only 410,449 km² is no ice cover (19%).
The highest point is Mount Gunnbjorn in the east, at 3,693 meters. The coastline of Greenland is 44,087 km long, about the same length as the circumference of the Earth’s equator.
So this article has helped you explore the Top 10 largest islands in the world of Top10theworld.com. Hopefully, with the information shared above, you can find the answer to the question, “Which is the largest island in the world?”